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2016年成人学位英语考试词汇与语法练习精选解析

摘要
2016年成人学位英语考试词汇与语法练习精选解析

                                                 2016年成人学位英语考试词汇与语法练习精选解析

   试题:

1.It is important that the hotel receptionist ____ that guests are registered correctly.

A)make sure B)has made sure C)made sure D)must make sure

2.I suggested he should ____ himself to his new conditions.

A)adopt B)regulate C)suit D)adapt

3.I'll never forget ____ you for the first time.

A)to meet B)to have met C)meeting D)having to be meeting

4.Cancellation of the flight ____ many passengers to spend the night at the airport.

A)obliged B)demanded C)resulted D)recommended

5.That young man still denies ____ the fire behind the store.

A)to start B)having started C)start D)to have started

6.____ in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling $21,000.

A)To be judged the best B)Having judged the best C)Judged the best D)Judging the best

7. Without proper lessons, you could ____ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.

A)keep up B)catch up C)pick up D)draw up

8. Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it from natura1 sources without turning ____ the salt bottle.

A)to B)over C)on D)up

9. He always did well at school ____ having to do part-time jobs every now and then..

A)in case of B)in spite of C)regardless of D)on account of

10. ____ receiving financial support from family, community or the government is allowed, it is never admired.

A)once C)As B)Lest D)Although

参考答案及解析

1.译文:旅店接待员将旅客情况登记正确是很重要的。

答案为[A].本题考点:虚拟语气。

在It is\was necessary, possible, important, advisable, desirable, essential等中,that引导的主语从句应选择should+do 这种虚拟语气作从句谓语,其中should可省略。[B][C][D]都不对。

2.译文:我建议他要使自己适应新情况。

答案为[D]。本题考点:近义词、形近词辨析及动词搭配。[A]adopt:采取,领养;[B] regulate:管制,调节;[C] suit:合适,相配。Adapt oneself to sth为固定搭配,意为“使自己适应”。

3.译文:我将永远铭记初次见你的情景。

答案为[C].本题考点:特殊动词后的非谓语动词用法。forget doing sth忘记做了某事,forget to do sth 忘记要做某事。forget的其他搭配有forget sth,fofget that(加从句),或forget about sth,表“忘记某事”、“忘记做某事”。只有[C]用法正确。

4.译文:航班的取消迫使乘客在机场过夜。

[A]与之相符。答案为[A]。本题考点:动词近义词辨析。[A]oblige迫使,oblige sb to do sth,迫使某人做某事。[B]demand要求;demand to do sth\demand that ;[C]由于(result from),以……为结果(result from);[D]recommend推荐,托付。

5.译文:那个年轻人仍否认在商店后点火。

答案为[B].本题考点:动词deny的用法。常见结构有deny sth.和deny doing sth.表示“拒绝……”, 故选[B].

6.译文:由于在最近的理科竞赛中成绩最好,这三位同学被奖励奖金总计21000美元。答案为[C]。本题考点:非谓语动词。句子的主语是the three students,非谓语形式作状语,与逻辑主语之间是被动关系,故选[C]。

7.译文:没有合适的课堂训练,弹钢琴时会沾染许多坏习惯。

答案为[C].本题考点:动词短语辨析。[C]pick up获得,增加。[A]keep up维持,继续,坚持;[B]catch up赶上,追上;[D]draw up草拟,停住,逼近。

8.译文:我们的食品和饮料中都含有适量盐分,所以我们可以从这些自然资源中满足人体对盐的需要,而无需借助于盐罐。

答案为[A]:本题考点:动词短语辨析。[A]turn to译“求助于”。[C]turn on:打开(开关等);[B]turn over:打翻,周转,移交;[D]turn up:发现,到场,出席, 调大(音量等),均与句意不符。

9.译文:尽管他不得不时常打工,但他在校成绩总是很好。

答案为[B]:本题考点:介词短语辨析。[B]in spite of“虽然、尽管”,表示转折。[A]in case of,假设,万一;[C]regardless形容词,译作“不管,不顾”;[D]on account of 由于。只有[B]符合句意。

10.译文:虽然从家庭、社区、政府获得经济救济是许可的,但却不是令人赞赏的做法。答案为[D]:本题考点:上下句关系辨析。句中需转折语气,而 although作连词既可接句子,又可接非谓语短语形式。故选[D]。



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