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自考成教学位英语考试-语态复习必须掌握知识点

摘要
自考成教学位英语考试-语态复习指导

1、富含被动意义的主动动词

sell wash write read

The new type (of ) TV receiver sells well.

This book reads interesting.

The pen writes quite smoothly.

This (kind of) cloth washes very well.

This cloth is washed.(洗好了)

2、常用被动构造的动词

be born be married be obliged be hurt

be caught in the rain be covered with

I was caught in the rain on the way back.

3、主动表明被迫的状况

①感觉动词+adj.

The material feels very soft.

The music sounds too loud.

②非谓语动词

A. need want require be worth

Your coat wants mending ( to be mended).

B. Subj. + be + adj. + to do (vt.)

The chair is comfortable to sit on

★ be to blame (该受责怪)

C. There be

There are six letters to write (to be written).

③ prove -vi. (被)证实是

He will prove (to be) the winner.

4、get + p. p.

She got caught in the rain.

From then on, her leg got treated four times a day.

5、(人)+ be + 情感动词-ed

be surprised (astonished, etc. ) at (with ….)

His words astonished everyone in the room.

→ Everyone was astonished at his words.

be delighted at (with); be pleased at (by, with );

be tired of (from); be satisfied with;

be worried about; be interested in;

be frightened ( terrified) at

6、主动和它动

许多动词既可以用vt. 又可以用vi, 但要留意:

The door opened ( by itself). The door was opened.

The village since we last visited it.

A. has changed B. has been changed (A)

The planned has been changed.

7、被迫语态 + by (with) + 行动主体

by 后接人或物做某事

with 后接手法、方法、东西

He was killed by a falling stone

He was killed with a knife.

8、留意下列被迫方式

①be being done

② have been done

③ be going to be

The bridge is said to be being built.

The bridge is said to have been built.

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